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[期刊速览]《中国农村经济》2019年第9期
2019年10月11日 17:42 来源:中国社会科学网 作者:《中国农村经济》编辑部 字号

内容摘要:

关键词:

作者简介:

  

  1.黄征学 高国力 滕飞 潘彪 宋建军 李爱民:中国长期减贫,路在何方?——2020年脱贫攻坚完成后的减贫战略前瞻

  【摘要】减贫是各国现代化进程中永恒的主题。2020年后,中国现行标准下的绝对贫困将基本消除,脱贫攻坚阶段性目标将得以实现,但这并不意味着贫困的终结,可持续的减贫仍面临新的问题和挑战。本文认为,2020年后的减贫工作将发生五个“转向”:减贫目标转向建立高质量的标准体系,减贫方向转向兼顾农村贫困和城市贫困,减贫重点转向防范“三区三州”等深度贫困地区返贫,减贫动力转向外在帮扶与内生发展并重,减贫财政转向更加突出保底性与靶向性。顺应减贫新趋势,应调整减贫战略思路,构建减贫测算新标准,优化减贫群体范围,培育减贫新动能,完善减贫治理体系,不断提高财政减贫资金的使用效率。最后,本文提出以下四点促进长期减贫的政策建议:一是过渡期内保持现行政策总体的连续性和稳定性;二是建立统筹城乡的常态化减贫助弱机制;三是完善减贫助弱对象的精准识别和动态调整机制;四是创新保障性减贫和开发性减贫方式。

  【关键词】2020年 脱贫攻坚 减贫战略 城乡统筹

  【作者单位】

  黄征学 高国力 滕飞 潘彪 宋建军 李爱民,国家发展和改革委员会国土开发与地区经济研究所

  【项目】本文研究受国家发展改革委宏观经济研究院重点课题“新型城镇化空间布局调整优化研究”(编号:A2019051005)的资助。

  Where Is the Way for China to Reduce Poverty for a Long Time? Prospects for Poverty Reduction Strategies After the Completion of Poverty Alleviation in 2020

  Huang Zhengxue  Gao Guoli  Teng Fei  Pan Biao  Song Jianjun  Li Aimin

  Abstract: Poverty reduction is an eternal theme in the process of modernization in various countries. After 2020, the absolute poverty under China’s current standards will be basically eliminated, and the phased goal of poverty alleviation will be achieved. However, this does not mean the end of poverty. Sustainable poverty reduction still faces new difficulties and challenges. This article holds that there will be five “changes” in poverty reduction after 2020, namely, the target of poverty reduction will be shifted to the establishment of a high-quality standard system; the direction of poverty reduction will be shifted to the consideration of rural poverty and urban poverty; the focus of poverty reduction will be shifted to the prevention of returning to poverty in such deep poverty-stricken areas as “three districts and three states”; the driving force of poverty reduction will be shifted to paying equal attention to both external assistance and endogenous development; and fiscal shifts to poverty reduction will give more prominence to guaranteeing and targeting. In line with the new trend of poverty reduction, we should actively develop new poverty reduction strategies, establish new standards for poverty reduction calculation, optimize and adjust the scope of poverty reduction groups, cultivate new momentum for poverty reduction, improve the poverty reduction governance system, and constantly improve the use of financial and poverty reduction funds. Furthermore, this article puts forward four policy suggestions to promote long-term poverty reduction: First, to maintain the overall continuity and stability of current policies during the transition period; Second, to establish a regular mechanism for coordinating urban and rural poverty reduction and assistance to vulnerable groups; Third, to improve the mechanism for accurate identification and dynamic adjustment of vulnerable targets for poverty reduction; Fourth, to innovate new ways to reduce poverty through security and development.

  Key Words: 2020; Poverty Alleviation; Poverty Reduction Strategy; Urban and Rural Coordination

  【责任编辑】陈秋红

作者简介

姓名:《中国农村经济》编辑部 工作单位:

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