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[期刊速览]《经济管理》2019年第9期
2019年09月17日 08:53 来源:中国社会科学网 作者:《经济管理》编辑部 字号

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  1.黄亮雄 孙湘湘 王贤彬:反腐败与地区创业:效应与影响机制 

  【作者简介】 

  黄亮雄,华南理工大学经济与贸易学院; 

  孙湘湘,福州大学经济与管理学院; 

  王贤彬,暨南大学经济学院。 

  【内容提要】鼓励创业和反腐倡廉是党的十八大以来中国政府紧抓的两项任务,也是中国进入新时代新征程的重要工作。反腐倡廉是否对创业具有促进效应,成为亟需回答的理论问题。本文以副省级官员落马表征反腐败冲击,基于2000-2016年省级面板数据,实证考察了反腐败对地区创业的影响效应及作用机制。本文发现,反腐败能显著促进地区创业活动,增加创业数量。这一结果是稳健的,采用不同的被解释变量、不同的估计方法以及考虑安慰剂检验等,结果依然存在。究其机制,反腐败通过显著提高地方政府行政效率、市场化程度和市场信心三大影响渠道促进创业。同时,十八大后反腐败促进地区创业活动效应大于十八大前。本文的发现意味着,国家治理体系现代化和治理能力提升,有望成为中国创业创新和经济增长的机制保障。 

  【关键词】反腐败  高官落马  创业  影响机制 

  【基金项目】国家自然科学基金青年项目“区域互动视角下中国产业结构调整的推动机制及影响效应研究”(71403062);国家自然科学基金面上项目“行政审批改革的经济增长效应研究:理论机制、实证识别与政策设计”(71773038)中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“深化‘放管服’改革推动产业结构升级研究”(2018ZDXM07)       

              Anti-corruption and Regional Entrepreneurship                  

  Abstract:The behavior of local governments and officials affects the business environmentand the central government's incentive and supervision to local governments and officials also affects the business environment.  Since the 18th National Congress of the  Communist Party of Chinathe Communist Party of China has been more vigorously carrying out anti-corruption campaignanti-corruption has become the new normal state of Chinese politics. Anti-corruption is both a political and an economic topic. Based on the background of anti-corruptionit is of both theoretical and practical value to study the economic effect of anti-corruption and its underlying influence mechanism. Under the situation of anti-corruptionthe high-ranking officials  investigatedare regarded as  an important result of the  anti-corruptionreflecting the  intensity  of anti-corruption in the  regionwhich can change the efficiency of government governance and improve the regional business environment. Thisstudy  uses  high-ranking officials  investigated to  measure  anti-corruptiondiscussesthe  impact  of anti-corruption on regional entrepreneurshipand analyzes its important channels. The results of this study provide theoretical inspiration and policy suggestions for China's high-quality economic development. 

    Compared with the previous  literaturethe  contribution of this  paper lies  in the following aspects. Firsttraditional research focuses on the impact of market environment and business environment on entrepreneurship. Based on the high-ranking official sinvestigatedthisstudy emphasizes the significant impact of high-ranking officials on local micro-economic activitieswhich is a supplement to the existing theory. We find that the high-ranking official investigated has significant economic effects. It also shows theoretically that important political events can produce important information valuewhich affects the expectations and behaviors of officials and entrepreneurs. It is an effective reflection of the theory of information economy in the field of political economy. Secondunlike the previous literature concerning the economic growth of anti-corruptionthisstudy focuses on entrepreneurshipwhich is a specific behavior in economic developmentevaluates the effect of anti-corruption on  entrepreneurship  and  expands  the  research  on  the  economic  effect  of  anti-corruption. Thirdthisstudy comprehensively examines the intermediary effect of anti-corruption  on  entrepreneurshipand aims to understand the impact mechanism of entrepreneurship. Thisstudy examines the effect of anticorruption on regional entrepreneurship through improving government administrative efficiency,marketization and market confidence from the level of government and market subjects. 

    Based on the 2000-2016  provincial  panel  datathis  paper  investigates  the  effect  of  anti-corruption  on  regional entrepreneurship by taking the vice-provincial officials sacked to describe the anti corruption. This study finds that anti-corruption can significantly promote entrepreneurial activities in the region and increase the number of entrepreneurs. These results are still robust by using different estimation methods and considering placebo tests. This study finds that anti-corruption can promote entrepreneurship by significantly improving the efficiency of local government administrationmarketization and market confidence. The empirical results mean that the modernization of national governance system and the improvement of governance ability are expected to he the mechanism guarantee of China's entrepreneurship and innovation and economic growth. We also examined the differences before and after thel8th National Congress.  We found that after the 18th National Congressanti-corruption promoted regional entrepreneurship more than before the 18th National Congress. 

    According to the  empirical resultswe  propose the following policy recommendations. Firstwe  should unswervingly maintain the  anti-corruption  campaign    and  establish  a  long-term  anti-corruption  mechanism.  Thereforewhile  fighting corruption  in  Chinawe  should  pay  enough  attention  to  the  improvement  ofinstitutionalquality.We  should  improve  the construction of anti-corruption supervision mechanism and legal restraint mechanism. The government should actively deepen the reform of theinstitutionchange the functions of the government and reform the administrative examination and approval system. Secondwe  should improve the efficiency of government services and administrationenhance the credibility and execution of the governmentand build a service-oriented government. Thirdmarket-oriented   reform  is  closely  related  to   economicsocial and legal reforms. The degree of marketization affects the efficiency of resource allocation. It is necessary to further enhance  the  level  of  marketizationactively  promote  the  construction  of  legal  systemand  improve  the  market environment of  fair  competition.  Fourthbuild  a  good  business  environment  to  enhance  market  confidence  of  market participants. The empirical study also shows that anti-corruption enhances market confidence and promotes entrepreneurship. Business environment affects entrepreneurs' confidence in entrepreneurship and investment. Thereforein order to optimize the business environmentwe should attach importance to the development of enterprises and enhance their expectations. 

  Key Words: anti-corruption; high-ranking officials investigated; entrepreneurship; influence mechanism 

  【责任编辑】刘建丽 

作者简介

姓名:《经济管理》编辑部 工作单位:

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