【关键词】移民扶贫 水库移民 扶贫移民 开发式移民 脱贫攻坚
The Evolvement of Poverty Alleviation for Resettled People in 70 Years: From 1949 to 2019
Abstract: The theme of this article is poverty alleviation for resettled people, usually including those generated in reservoir construction and in poverty reduction-oriented resettlement programs, who are normally poor. Poverty alleviation for resettled people is defined as poverty alleviation by means of resettlement and poverty alleviation for resettled people. The reservoir resettlement started shortly after 1949, and almost came to an end until 2009, which has unfortunately led a lot of resettled people to become poor. The follow-up support for the reservoir resettled people started after 1981, but did not lift enough people out of poverty. The special resettlement programs for poverty alleviation, starting soon after the reform and opening-up in 1978, aimed at lifting those who were stuck in poverty due to severe livelihood environment out of poverty, and has undergone three periods. For the whole history, this article analyzes policy evolution, action progress and comprehensive results of poverty alleviation for resettled people, and summarizes its characteristics in six aspects. The study finds that the targets of poverty alleviation for resettled people include involuntary migration, voluntary migration and quasi-voluntary migration. In each case, there were specific reasons that made it difficult for migrants to get rid of poverty, which has made poverty alleviation lag behind migration. In view of the existing problems in poverty alleviation for resettled people, the study concludes with some suggestions for policy discussions.
Key Words: Poverty Alleviation for Resettled People; Reservoir Resettlement; Resettlement for Poverty Alleviation; Development-Oriented Poverty Alleviation; Campaign against Poverty