【关键词】域观范式 企业类型 国有企业 竞争力
Enterprises and Their Competitiveness from the Perspective of Domain View Paradigm
Abstract：As long as you get out of the abstract hypothesis of economics and face the real world, economics has to admit that the behavior of people and enterprises is not uniquely driven by economic rationality (maximizing economic benefits). There are also value trends, cultural practices, institutional constraints, etc., which have an important impact on the behavior of individuals and businesses. Different individuals and businesses may choose different behavioral goals or prioritize different goals. Its decision-making behavior is both rational and adaptive, and their psychological preferences are not the same. The assumption about homogeneity of enterprises is the cornerstone of an economic system with many discontinuities in the logical chain. Roughly divided, there are at least four basic types of companies in reality: self-interested companies, balanced interests enterprises, social enterprises, and extreme enterprises. State-owned enterprises are a special type of enterprise domain group, that is, a special “domain class” that is different from other enterprises in the enterprise family. In the process of reform and evolution of state-owned enterprises, the establishment of behavioral goals is a core issue. The market competition process is not the free competition state of homogenous enterprises as imagined by the micro-paradigm commitment, but the effective competition state of heterogeneous enterprises. The enterprise groups of different domains are not the result of subjective envisaged institutional arrangements, but the ecological structure of the enterprise formed by natural evolution in the modern enterprise institutional environment. The domain reality of the enterprise world itself is the result of market competition. Self-interested enterprises, balanced interests enterprises, social enterprises and extreme enterprises will have their own survival and development space in the unified market competition. The world of “free competition of self-interested homogeneous enterprises” promised by the micro-paradigm of traditional economics has evolved into a new world of “multi-domain heterogeneous enterprises effective competition” promised by the domain view paradigm.
Keywords：Domain View Paradigm; Enterprise Type; State-Owned Enterprise; Competitiveness