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从美国学者视角看拉美若干热点问题
2019年10月25日 17:45 来源:《国际观察》2010年5期 作者:周楠 字号

内容摘要:美国学术界对拉美社会问题的研究一直处于世界领先地位。本文对近年来美国学术界关于拉美研究中最为关注的高犯罪率、种族冲突和高等教育改革等社会问题,进行分门别类的归纳与整理,旨在通过综述美国学者对这些热点问题的看法,反映出拉美社会问题研究的新观点、新内容和新趋势。同时,也从不同侧面展示美国学术界研究拉关社会前沿问题的新视角、新思路和新方法,祈望对我国刚刚起步的拉美社会问题研究有所裨益。

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  注释: 

  [1] Moises Naim,“Street Crime Sends Latins to SFlorida”The Miami HeraldNov122007 

  [2] Blau JRetc.,“The Cost of InequalityMetropolitan Structure and Violent Crime”,American Sociological Review1982Vo1.47No.3,pp114-129 

  [3] Heather Berkman“Social Exclusion and Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean”,Inter-American Development Bank2007p19 

  [4] David LevinsonFamily Violence in Cross-Cultural PerspectiveNewbury ParkSage Publications1989,p.128 

  [5] Nancy Cardia“The Impact of Exposure to Violence in Sao PauloAccepting Violence or Continuing Horror?”,in Susana Rocker, Citizens of Fear, New JerseyRutgers University Press2002PP152-183 

  [6] Rodrigo RSoares etc.,“Understanding High Crime Rates in Latin AmericanThe Role of Social and Policy Factors”Harvard University2007,p.15 

  [7] Juan Luis LondonoViolencia en Amdrica Latina- Epidemiologia y CostosInter-American Development Bankl999,p.375 

  [8] Rodrigo RSoares etc.,“Understanding High Crime Rates in Latin AmericanTh e Role of Social and Policy Factors”Harvard University2007p58 

  [9] Nancy BermeoGetting Mad or Going Mad? CitizensScarcity and the Breakdown of Democracy in Interwar EuropeUniversity of California1999p53.转引自Kurt WeylandPoli~cal Repercussions of Crime and Violence in Latin AmericaUniversity of Texas at Austin2003 p.6 

  [10] Pan American Health Organization“Attitudes towards Violence in Selected Cities of Latin America and Spain”1997http://www.paho.org/English/HCP/HCN/VION IOLENCE-GRAPHS.HTM 

  [11] Regina BatesonThe Political Consequences of Crime Victimization in Latin AmericaYale University 2009P16 

  [12] Edward ETelles“Racial Distance and Region in BrazilIntermarriage by Color in Brazilian Urban Areas”Latin American Research Review,1993Vo1.28No.2 pp141-162 

  [13] Leon Zamosc“Agrarian and Protest and the Indian Movement in the Ecuadorian Highlands”La tin American Research Review1994Vo1.20No3PP19-20 

  [14] Leon Zamosc“Agrarian and Protest and the Indian Movement in the Ecuadorian Highlands",La tin American Research ReviewPP19-20 

  [15] Theodore Macdonald“Latin AmericaIndigenous Peoples”State ofthe World's Minorities 2006,2006.p.80 

  [16] Sundiata Ibrahim K“In the Age of Obama-Race in the United States and Brazil”La tin American Studies Association2009PP16-21 

  [17] Cristina ASueThe Dynamics of ColorMestizajeRacism and Blackness in VeracruzMexicoUniversity of Colorado2009P13 

  [18] Rodfigo Arocena etc.,“Latin American UniversitiesFrom an Original Revolution to an Uncertain Transition”Higher Education2005Vo150No4p582 

  [19] Lidia HenalesNeo-liberalism and Educational Reform in Latin AmericaColumbia University2002p.127 

  [20] Rodrigo  Arocena etc.,“Latin American UniversitiesFrom an Original Revolution to an Uncertain Transition”Higher Education2005Vol.50No.4,pp.586-587 

  [21] Ken Kempner etc.,“The Global Politics of EducationBrazil and the World Bank”Higher Education 2002Vo1.43No.3p332 

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  [23] Leon Zamosc“Agrarian and Protest and the Indian Movement in the Ecuadorian Highlands”Latin American Research Review.pp.19-20 

  [24] 张凡:当代拉丁美洲政治研究的主要问题与方法,载《拉丁美洲研究》2009年第5期,第45页。 

作者简介

姓名:周楠 工作单位:

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